From ‘Beastly Philosophy’ to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union

Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92 (2011)

Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a range of medical, public health, and social policies. In the late 1920s, in the wake of Joseph Stalin's ?Great Break?, eugenics came under intense critique as a ?bourgeois? science and its proponents quickly reconstituted their enterprise as ?medical genetics?. Yet, after a brief period of rapid growth during the early 1930s, medical genetics was dismantled as a ?fascist science? towards the end of the decade. Based on published and original research, this essay examines the factors that account for such an unusual?as compared to the development of eugenics in other locales during the same period?historical trajectory of Russian eugenics
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/00033790.2010.527162
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 49,066
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Letter to the Editors.[author unknown] - 1958 - Journal of Philosophy 55 (10):439-440.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Main Currents of Post-Soviet Philosophy in Russia.James P. Scanlan - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:121-129.
Eugenics and Basic Genetics in H.J. Muller's Approach to Human Genetics.Elof Axel Carlson - 1987 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 9 (1):57 - 78.
Liberalism and Eugenics.Robert Sparrow - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):499 - 517.
The Soviet Union Then and Now: Some Recent Publications on the Soviet Union.Kurt Marko - 1975 - Studies in East European Thought 15 (2):129-144.
Dva Veka Russkoĭ Mysli.I͡U. S. Pivovarov - 2006 - In-T Nauch. Informat͡sii Po Obshchestvennym Naukam (Inion Ran).


Added to PP index

Total views
13 ( #672,017 of 2,311,315 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #517,715 of 2,311,315 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature