Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (3):271-286 (2015)

Abstract
Over the past several years, I have been arguing that nature sports such as surfing, backcountry skiing, and mountaineering are best described as sports in which athletes interact dynamically with natural features rather than compete with other humans. This article is part of a larger attempt to trace the implications of that view. Specifically, I consider the relationship between nature sports and competition. To this purpose, I address three separate, but related topics: First, I reply to Leslie Howe’s article, ‘On Competing Against Oneself, Or, I Need to Get a Different Voice in My Head’, in which she argues that there is a version of self-competition that is central to nature sports. Second, I argue that adapting nature sports to fit into formal competitive frameworks is problematic because, when we do so, the focus shifts from athletes interacting with natural features to athletes using natural features to outdo other athletes. And third, I argue that nature sports may seem competitive because the in..
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DOI 10.1080/17511321.2015.1067249
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References found in this work BETA

Lectures on Ethics.Immanuel Kant - 1930 - London: Methuen & Co..
On Winning and Athletic Superiority.Nicholas Dixon - 1999 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 26 (1):10-26.
Ways of Worldmaking.Robert Howell - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):262.
A Phenomenology of Competition.Scott Kretchmar - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):21-37.

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Citations of this work BETA

E-Sports Are Not Sports.Jim Parry - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 13 (1):3-18.
Not Everything is a Contest: Sport, Nature Sport, and Friluftsliv.Leslie A. Howe - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (3):437-453.
What Would a Deep Ecological Sport Look Like? The Example of Arne Naess.Gunnar Breivik - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):63-81.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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