Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (3):271-286 (2015)

Over the past several years, I have been arguing that nature sports such as surfing, backcountry skiing, and mountaineering are best described as sports in which athletes interact dynamically with natural features rather than compete with other humans. This article is part of a larger attempt to trace the implications of that view. Specifically, I consider the relationship between nature sports and competition. To this purpose, I address three separate, but related topics: First, I reply to Leslie Howe’s article, ‘On Competing Against Oneself, Or, I Need to Get a Different Voice in My Head’, in which she argues that there is a version of self-competition that is central to nature sports. Second, I argue that adapting nature sports to fit into formal competitive frameworks is problematic because, when we do so, the focus shifts from athletes interacting with natural features to athletes using natural features to outdo other athletes. And third, I argue that nature sports may seem competitive because the in..
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/17511321.2015.1067249
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,636
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Lectures on Ethics.Immanuel Kant - 1930 - London: Methuen & Co..
On Winning and Athletic Superiority.Nicholas Dixon - 1999 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 26 (1):10-26.
Ways of Worldmaking.Robert Howell - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):262.
A Phenomenology of Competition.Scott Kretchmar - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):21-37.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

E-Sports Are Not Sports.Jim Parry - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 13 (1):3-18.
Not Everything is a Contest: Sport, Nature Sport, and Friluftsliv.Leslie A. Howe - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (3):437-453.
What Would a Deep Ecological Sport Look Like? The Example of Arne Naess.Gunnar Breivik - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):63-81.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Nature Sports.Kevin J. Krein - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (2):193-208.
Sport, Nature and Worldmaking.Kevin Krein - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (3):285 – 301.
On the Supposed Duty to Try One's Hardest in Sports.Jeffrey P. Fry - 2011 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 18 (2):1-10.
Intersex Athletes: Do We Need A Gender Police In Professional Sports?Maren Behrensen - 2010 - IWM Junior Visiting Fellows' Conferences XXIX.
The Reality of Fantasy Sports: A Metaphysical and Ethical Analysis.Chad Carlson - 2013 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 40 (2):187 - 204.
Ethical Issues Concerning New Zealand Sports Doctors.L. C. Anderson - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):88-92.


Added to PP index

Total views
14 ( #716,836 of 2,462,264 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,178 of 2,462,264 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes