The 'KR Affair': Soviet Science on the Threshold of the Cold War


Abstract
The 'Kliueva-Roskin affair' of 1946-1947 is virtually unknown to Soviet and Western historians of science alike, but newly discovered archives show that it constituted a critical turning point in post-war Soviet science. In early 1946 Moscow clinician Nina Kliueva, together with her husband Georgii Roskin (a Moscow University professor), published experimental results suggesting that malignant tumor growth could be inhibited by a preparation ('KR') made from the protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi. This putative cancer cure attracted considerable attention from the American medical community and triggered an active exchange of scientific delegations and medical information between the USA and the USSR. In the summer of 1947, this exchange was used as a pretext by the Communist Party's Politburo to stage an 'honor court' show trial on the 'Kliueva-Roskin affair,' where they were accused of 'unpatriotic behavior' and 'servility to the West'. The ensuing 'patriotic campaign' reestablished tight Party control over the Soviet scientific community and severed its newly established scientific contacts with the West, paving the way for Lysenko's triumph in 1948
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 48,902
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Niels Bohr in the Darkness and Light of Soviet Philosophy.M. S. - 1966 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):73 – 93.
Niels Bohr in the Darkness and Light of Soviet Philosophy∗.S. Müller‐Markus - 1966 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):73-93.
Political Emancipation and the Domination of Nature: The Rise and Fall of Soviet Prometheanism.David Bakhurst - 1991 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (3):215 – 226.
Social Factors in the Development of Genetics and the Lysenko Affair.Jesús Mosterín - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):143-155.
Soviet Legal Philosophy.Hugh Webster Babb (ed.) - 1951 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Off with Your Heads: Isolated Organs in Early Soviet Science and Fiction.Nikolai Krementsov - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (2):87-100.
Georgii Shakhnazarov and the Soviet Critique of Historical Materialism.Mark Sandle - 1997 - Studies in East European Thought 49 (2):109-133.
Soviet Philosophy of Biology Today.Anatoly Partashnikov - 1974 - Studies in East European Thought 14 (1-2):1-25.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-09-29

Total views
15 ( #604,534 of 2,309,716 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #521,891 of 2,309,716 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature