Public Health Ethics (3):pht027 (2013)

Meena Krishnamurthy
Queen's University
In December 2006, Indonesia decided to stop sending influenza virus specimens to the World Health Organization’s Global Influenza Surveillance Network (GISN). Indonesia justified its actions by claiming that they were in protest of the injustice of GISN. Its actions stimulated negotiations to improve the workings of GISN by developing and implementing a more just framework for ‘sharing influenza viruses and other benefits’. These negotiations eventually led to the adoption of a new framework for virus and benefit sharing in May 2011, at the World Health Assembly meeting. In this article, we critically evaluate Indonesia’s claims about the unjustness of GISN. We show that arguments based on the values of ownership, contribution and reciprocity work together to support Indonesia’s claim that it was owed an equal share in the benefits of GISN and, in turn, that GISN was unjust because of its failure to ensure this. We also use these values to evaluate the newly agreed upon framework for virus and benefit sharing. We suggest the new framework fails to give proper consideration to the values of ownership, contribution and reciprocity and, as a result, that it is fundamentally unjust
Keywords international justice  pandemic  reciprocity  health  influenza  Indonesia
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/phe/pht027
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,229
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Famine, Affluence, and Morality.Peter Singer - 1972 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):229-243.
Famine, Affluence, and Morality.Peter Singer - 1972 - Oxford University Press USA.
World Poverty and Human Rights.Thomas Pogge - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):1-7.
World Poverty and Human Rights.Thomas Pogge - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):455-458.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Global Health Solidarity.Peter G. N. West-Oram & Alena Buyx - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2).

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Justice as Fairness and Reciprocity.Andrew Lister - 2011 - Analyze and Kritik 33 (1):93-112.
Risk to Human Health Posed by Avian Influenza.Anne Moates - 2005 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 11 (2):1.
Reciprocity and Neuroscience in Public Health Law.A. M. Viens - 2011 - In Michael Freeman (ed.), Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.


Added to PP index

Total views
100 ( #109,245 of 2,455,489 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,205 of 2,455,489 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes