In Bret W. Davis (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy. Oxford University Press (2019)

John Krummel
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
This chapter discusses the comparative philosophies of two premier comparativists of postwar Japan, Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko. Both were known as accomplished scholars within their respective fields—Buddhist studies and Indology for Nakamura, and Islamic studies for Izutsu—when they initiated their comparative projects. Each had a distinct vision of what comparison entails and the sort of philosophy it would produce. Nakamura’s project was a world history of ideas that uncovers basic patterns in the unfolding of human thought. Izutsu aims to reconstruct Oriental philosophy on the basis of certain key concepts common to the traditions. The chapter covers the aims, methods, and philosophical achievements of their comparative projects. In their juxtaposition, it makes evident significant differences in their projects, methods, and results.
Keywords Nakamura Hajime  Izutsu Toshihiko  comparative philosophy  Japanese philosophy  Oriental philosophy  world philosophy  ontology  history of thought
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