Synthese 190 (1):21-36 (2013)
In this paper, I analyse a finding by Riggs and colleagues that there is a close connection between people’s ability to reason with counterfactual conditionals and their capacity to attribute false beliefs to others. The result indicates that both processes may be governed by one cognitive mechanism, though false belief attribution seems to be slightly more cognitively demanding. Given that the common denominator for both processes is suggested to be a form of the Ramsey test, I investigate whether Stalnaker’s semantic theory of conditionals, which was inspired by the Ramsey test, may provide the basis for a psychologically plausible model of belief ascription. The analysis I propose will shed some new light on the developmental discrepancy between counterfactual reasoning and false belief ascription.
|Keywords||Belief ascription Ramsey test Counterfactual reasoning False belief task|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Does the Chimpanzee Have a Theory of Mind?David Premack & G. Woodruff - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):515-629.
Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Belief Revision, Epistemic Conditionals and the Ramsey Test.Sten Lindström & Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz - 1992 - Synthese 91 (3):195-237.
Reapproaching Ramsey: Conditionals and Iterated Belief Change in the Spirit of AGM. [REVIEW]Hans Rott - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):155-191.
Moore-Paradoxical Belief, Conscious Belief and the Epistemic Ramsey Test.John N. Williams - 2012 - Synthese 188 (2):231-246.
Two Reasons to Abandon the False Belief Task as a Test of Theory of Mind.Paul Bloom - 2000 - Cognition 77 (1):25-31.
Belief Revision, Non-Monotonic Reasoning, and the Ramsey Test.Charles B. Cross - 1990 - In Kyburg Henry E., Loui Ronald P. & Carlson Greg N. (eds.), Knowledge Representation and Defeasible Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 223--244.
The Negative Ramsey Test.Peter Gärdenfors, Sten Lindström, Michael Morreau & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 1991 - In André Fuhrmann & Michael Morreau (eds.), The Logic of Theory Change. Springer.
Review of Isaac Levi, For the Sake of the Argument: Ramsey Test Conditionals, Inductive Inference and Nonmonotonic Reasoning. [REVIEW]Michael Morreau - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (10):540-546.
Prospects for Pragmatism: Essays in Memory of F. P. Ramsey.Frank Plumpton Ramsey & D. H. Mellor (eds.) - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
Belief-Revision, the Ramsey Test, Monotonicity, and the so-Called Impossibility Results.Neil Tennant - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):402-423.
Belief Revisions and the Ramsey Test for Conditionals.Peter Gärdenfors - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (1):81-93.
Added to index2012-08-09
Total downloads43 ( #121,379 of 2,172,663 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #325,028 of 2,172,663 )
How can I increase my downloads?