Rights, Harming and Wronging: A Restatement of the Interest Theory

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (3):430-450 (2018)
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Abstract

This article introduces a new formulation of the interest theory of rights. The focus is on ‘Bentham’s test’, which was devised by Matthew Kramer to limit the expansiveness of the interest theory. According to the test, a party holds a right correlative to a duty only if that party stands to undergo a development that is typically detrimental if the duty is breached. The article shows how the entire interest theory can be reformulated in terms of the test. The article then focuses on a further strength of the interest theory, brought to the fore by the new formulation. In any Western legal system, the tortious maltreatment of a child or a mentally disabled individual results in a compensatory duty. The interest theory can account for such duties in a simple and elegant way. The will theory, on the other hand, struggles to explain such compensatory duties unless it abandons some of its main tenets.

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Author's Profile

Visa A. J. Kurki
University of Helsinki

Citations of this work

Rights.Leif Wenar - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Legal Personhood and Animal Rights.Visa Kurki - 2021 - Journal of Animal Ethics 11 (1):47-62.

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References found in this work

Are there any natural rights?H. L. A. Hart - 1955 - Philosophical Review 64 (2):175-191.
The Nature of Rights.Leif Wenar - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (3):223-252.
On the nature of rights.J. Raz - 1984 - Mind 93 (370):194-214.
Wrongs, Rights, and Third Parties.Nicolas Cornell - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (2):109-143.
A hybrid theory of claim-rights.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2005 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (2):257-274.

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