Oxford University Press (2002)

Authors
Martin Kusch
University of Vienna
Abstract
Martin Kusch puts forth two controversial ideas: that knowledge is a social status and that knowledge is primarily the possession of groups rather than individuals. He defends the radical implications of his views: that knowledge is political, and that it varies with communities. This bold approach to epistemology is a challenge to philosophy and the wider academic world
Keywords Knowledge, Sociology of
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Reprint years 2004, 2005
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Call number BD175.K875 2002
ISBN(s) 9780199251223   0199251223   9780199251377   0199251371
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Chapters BETA
TESTIMONY IN COMMUNITARIAN EPISTEMOLOGY

Begins with a critical discussion of two earlier projects for a communitarian epistemology of testimony: work by Michael Welbourne and John Hardwig. Although the main elements of their proposals are accepted, some shortcomings are pointed out. Then, develops a new version of such communita... see more

SUMMARY

This chapter provides a short summary of Ch. 1–5.

DIRECT REALISM AND RELIABILISM

Discusses two ‘impatient’ ways of escaping the see‐saw of foundationalism and coherentism: direct realism (John McDowell) and reliabilism (Alvin Goldman). The latter two try to overcome the difficulties of the former two by radical means. Direct realism assimilates the world to a system of... see more

CONTEXTUALISM AND COMMUNITARIANISM

Begins by introducing contextualism (David Annis, Richard Rorty, Michael Williams).Sides with the contextualists’ conception of dialectical justification and with their quietism regarding global justification. But, it criticizes Williams’ attempts to combine contextualism with reliabilism.... see more

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Citations of this work BETA

Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 2008 - In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 193.
Social Knowing: The Social Sense of 'Scientific Knowledge'.Alexander Bird - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):23-56.
Testimony and Knowing How.Katherine Hawley - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (4):397-404.

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