Knowledge by Agreement : The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Oxford University Press (2002)
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Abstract

Martin Kusch puts forth two controversial ideas: that knowledge is a social status and that knowledge is primarily the possession of groups rather than individuals. He defends the radical implications of his views: that knowledge is political, and that it varies with communities. This bold approach to epistemology is a challenge to philosophy and the wider academic world

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Chapters

TESTIMONY IN COMMUNITARIAN EPISTEMOLOGY

Begins with a critical discussion of two earlier projects for a communitarian epistemology of testimony: work by Michael Welbourne and John Hardwig. Although the main elements of their proposals are accepted, some shortcomings are pointed out. Then, develops a new version of such communita... see more

SUMMARY

This chapter provides a short summary of Ch. 1–5.

DIRECT REALISM AND RELIABILISM

Discusses two ‘impatient’ ways of escaping the see‐saw of foundationalism and coherentism: direct realism (John McDowell) and reliabilism (Alvin Goldman). The latter two try to overcome the difficulties of the former two by radical means. Direct realism assimilates the world to a system of... see more

CONTEXTUALISM AND COMMUNITARIANISM

Begins by introducing contextualism (David Annis, Richard Rorty, Michael Williams).Sides with the contextualists’ conception of dialectical justification and with their quietism regarding global justification. But, it criticizes Williams’ attempts to combine contextualism with reliabilism.... see more

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Martin Kusch
University of Vienna

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