Artificial Intelligence, Social Media and Depression. A New Concept of Health-Related Digital Autonomy

American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):4-20 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The development of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine raises fundamental ethical issues. As one example, AI systems in the field of mental health successfully detect signs of mental disorders, such as depression, by using data from social media. These AI depression detectors (AIDDs) identify users who are at risk of depression prior to any contact with the healthcare system. The article focuses on the ethical implications of AIDDs regarding affected users’ health-related autonomy. Firstly, it presents the (ethical) discussion of AI in medicine and, specifically, in mental health. Secondly, two models of AIDDs using social media data and different usage scenarios are introduced. Thirdly, the concept of patient autonomy, according to Beauchamp and Childress, is critically discussed. Since this concept does not encompass the specific challenges linked with the digital context of AIDDs in social media sufficiently, the current analysis suggests, finally, an extended concept of health-related digital autonomy.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,140

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Empowerment or Engagement? Digital Health Technologies for Mental Healthcare.Christopher Burr & Jessica Morley - 2020 - In Christopher Burr & Silvia Milano (eds.), The 2019 Yearbook of the Digital Ethics Lab. pp. 67-88.
Digitization: New trajectories of mediatization?Niels Ole Finnemann - 2014 - In Handbook of Communication:Mediatization of Communication. Berlin, Tyskland: pp. Pages: 297–322.
Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller - 2021 - In Anthony Elliott (ed.), The Routledge social science handbook of AI. London: Routledge. pp. 122-137.
Intelligence, Artificial and Otherwise.Paul Dumouchel - 2019 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 24 (2):241-258.
The delicate balance of communicational interests: A Bakhtinian view of social media in health care.Chukwuma Ukoha & Andrew Stranieri - 2021 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 19 (2):236-248.
Consciousness, intentionality, and intelligence: Some foundational issues for artificial intelligence.Murat Aydede & Guven Guzeldere - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):263-277.
Changes of representational AI concepts induced by embodied autonomy.Erich Prem - 2000 - Communication and Cognition-Artificial Intelligence 17 (3-4):189-208.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-01-05

Downloads
68 (#177,982)

6 months
10 (#87,923)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?