Sorting Out Aspects of Personhood

Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (5-6):248-270 (2007)

Authors
Arto Laitinen
University of Tampere
Abstract
This paper examines how three central aspects of personhood — the capacities of individuals, their normative status, and the social aspect of being recognized — are related, and how personhood depends on them. The paper defends first of all a ‘basic view’that while actual recognition is among the constitutive elements of full personhood, it is the individual capacities (and not full personhood) which ground the basic moral and normative demands concerning treatment of persons. Actual recognition depends analyti- cally on such pre-existing normative requirements: it is a matter of responsiveness to them. The paper then discusses four challenges. The challenges claim that pace the basic view, the relevant capacities depend on recognition, that recognition seems to have normative rele- vance, and that the basic view cannot as such explain the equality either of persons, or of humans. Responding to these challenges amounts to refining the basic view accordingly.
Keywords Personhood  Normativity  Recognition
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References found in this work BETA

Ethics Without Principles.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
How the Body Shapes the Mind.Shaun Gallagher - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
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Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.

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Citations of this work BETA

An Agency‐Based Capability Theory of Justice.Rutger Claassen - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1279-1304.
Being Oneself in Another: Recognition and the Culturalist Deformation of Identity.Radu Neculau - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (2):148-170.
L’Icône Et le Foulard. Identité Culturelle, Dignité Morale Et Reconnaissance Réciproque.Radu Neculau - 2009 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 1 (2):212-248.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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