Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1058-1061 (2010)

Maxwell et al. [Maxwell, J. P., Masters, R. S. W., Kerr, E., & Weedon, E. . The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068. The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1049–1068] suggested that, following unsuccessful movements, the learner forms hypotheses about the probable causes of the error and the required movement adjustments necessary for its elimination. Hypothesis testing is an explicit process that places demands on cognitive resources. Demands on cognitive resources can be identified by measuring probe reaction times and movement times. Lengthened PRT and movement times reflects increased cognitive demands. Thus, PRT and movement times should be longer following errors, relative to successful, movements. This hypothesis was tested using a motor skill . Furthermore, the association between error processing and the preparation and execution phases of movement was examined. The data confirmed that cognitive demand is greater for trials following an error, relative to trials without an error. This effect was apparent throughout learning and in both the preparatory and execution phases of the movement. Cognitive effort also appeared to be higher during movement preparation, relative to movement execution
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2008.11.005
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,486
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Analysis of Temporal and Attentional Aspects of Movement Control.Jerry G. Ells - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):10-21.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Nonconscious Processing, Anterior Cingulate, and Catatonia.Rajendra D. Badgaiyan - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):578-579.
Thinking and Doing in Cognitive Archaeology: Giving Skill its Due.Dietrich Stout - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):421-422.
Multi-Level Sensorimotor Interactions.Stefan Vogt & Heiko Hecht - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):906-907.


Added to PP index

Total views
37 ( #279,341 of 2,421,633 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #545,272 of 2,421,633 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes