The Monist 95 (3):486-510 (2012)
AbstractRecent work in moral theory has seen the refinement of theories of moral standing, which increasingly recognize a position of intermediate standing between fully self-conscious entities and those which are merely conscious. Among the most sophisticated concepts now used to denote such intermediate standing is that of primitive self-consciousness, which has been used to more precisely elucidate the moral standing of human newborns. New research into the structure of the avian brain offers a revised view of the cognitive abilities of birds. When this research is approached with a species-specific focus, it appears likely that one familiar species, the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus), also exhibits primitive self-consciousness. Given the likelihood that they are primitively self-consciousness, chickens warrant a degree of moral standing that falls short of that enjoyed by persons, but which exceeds the minimal standing of merely conscious entities.
Similar books and articles
The Failure of Theories of Personhood.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (4):309-324.
Intrinsic Value, Moral Standing, and Species.Rick O’Neil - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):45-52.
The Two Sources of Moral Standing.Justin Sytsma & Edouard Machery - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):303-324.
Evolution of the Neural Basis of Consciousness: A Bird-Mammal Comparison.Ann B. Butler, Paul R. Manger, B. I. B. Lindahl & Peter Århem - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (9):923-936.
Primitive Consciousness and the 'Hard Problem'.Naomi M. Eilan - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):28-39.
Conscious and Unconscious Processes in Cognition.Axel Cleeremans - 2001 - International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences.
Contractarianism and Secondary Direct Moral Standing for Marginal Humans and Animals.Julia Tanner - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (2):1-16.
Biocentric Ethics and Animal Prosperity.A. T. Anchustegui - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):105-119.
Animal Minds: Beyond Cognition to Consciousness.Donald R. Griffin - 2001 - University of Chicago Press.
Raven Consciousness.Bernd Heinrich - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 47-52.
Dependent Relationships and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals.Andrew I. Cohen - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 1-21.
Being Conscious of Marc Bekoff: Thinking of Animal Self-Consciousness.Gregory R. Peterson - 2003 - Zygon 38 (2):247-256.
Standing Upright: The Moral and Legal Standing of Humans and Other Apes.Adam Kolber - 2002 - Stanford Law Review 54:163-204.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Making the Animals on the Plate Visible: Anglophone Celebrity Chef Cookbooks Ranked by Sentient Animal Deaths.Andy Lamey & Ike Sharpless - 2018 - Food Ethics 2 (1):17-37.
References found in this work
The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life.Jeff McMahan - 2002 - Oup Usa.