In Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.), Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology. Chicago University Press (2013)

Authors
Ehud Lamm
Tel Aviv University
Abstract
Both von Neumann and Wiener were outsiders to biology. Both were inspired by biology and both proposed models and generalizations that proved inspirational for biologists. Around the same time in the 1940s von Neumann developed the notion of self reproducing automata and Wiener suggested an explication of teleology using the notion of negative feedback. These efforts were similar in spirit. Both von Neumann and Wiener used mathematical ideas to attack foundational issues in biology, and the concepts they articulated had lasting effect. But there were significant differences as well. Von Neumann presented a how-possibly model, which sparked interest by mathematicians and computer scientists, while Wiener collaborated more directly with biologists, and his proposal influenced the philosophy of biology. The two cases illustrate different strategies by which mathematicians, the “professional outsiders” of science, can choose to guide their engagement with biological questions and with the biological community, and illustrate different kinds of generalizations that mathematization can contribute to biology. The different strategies employed by von Neumann and Wiener and the types of models they constructed may have affected the fate of von Neumann’s and Wiener’s ideas – as well as the reputation, in biology, of von Neumann and Wiener themselves.
Keywords modeling  generalization  abstraction  systems biology  theoretical biology  teleology  self-replication  cybernetics  purpose
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References found in this work BETA

Purposeful and Non-Purposeful Behavior.Arturo Rosenblueth & Norbert Wiener - 1950 - Philosophy of Science 17 (4):318-326.
Purposeful and Non-Purposeful Behavior: A Rejoinder.Richard Taylor - 1950 - Philosophy of Science 17 (4):327-332.

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