Authors
Rae Langton
Cambridge University
Abstract
Did God give things 'accidental powers not rooted in their natures', powers not rooted in intrinsic properties? For Leibniz, no. For Locke, the answer is disputed. On a voluntarist reading, yes, secondary and tertiary qualities are superadded (Margaret Wilson). On a mechanist reading, no, as for Leibniz (Michael Ayers). Since Locke viewed these qualities as relational, his view of relations ought to bear on the dispute. Locke said relation is 'not contained in the real existence of things'. Bennett says Locke means relations are reducible (as Leibniz thought), which supports the mechanist reading. Bennett is mistaken: Locke means relations are irreducible, in harmony with his voluntarism
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DOI 10.1111/j.0066-7372.2003.00004.x
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References found in this work BETA

Intrinsic/Extrinsic.I. L. Humberstone - 1996 - Synthese 108 (2):205-267.
Superadded Properties: The Limits of Mechanism in Locke.Margaret D. Wilson - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2):143 - 150.
Substance, Reality, and Primary Qualities.Jonathan Bennett - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (1):1-17.

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Citations of this work BETA

Lockean Superaddition and Lockean Humility.Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:53-61.
Lockean Operations.Matthew Stuart - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (3):511 – 533.
Why Leibniz Should Have Agreed with Berkeley About Abstract Ideas.Stephen Puryear - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-18.
Locke and the Laws of Nature.Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2551-2564.
Locke's Ontology of Relations.Samuel C. Rickless - 2017 - Locke Studies 17:61-86.

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