Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):181-196 (2012)

Abstract
This paper establishes the 'emblematic' use of natural history as a propaedeutic to self-betterment in the Renaissance; in particular, in the natural histories of Gessner and Topsell, but also in the works of Erasmus and Rabelais. Subsequently, it investigates how Francis Bacon's conception of natural history is envisaged in relation to them. The paper contends that, where humanist natural historians understood the use of natural knowledge as a preliminary to individual improvement, Bacon conceived self-betterment foremost as a means to Christian charity, or social-betterment. It thus examines the transformation of the moralizing aspect of Renaissance natural history in Bacon's conception of his Great Instauration.
Keywords SELF-BETTERMENT   CHARITY   ERASMUS   EDWARD TOPSELL   FRANCIS BACON   NATURAL HISTORY   CONRAD GESSNER   HUMANISM   FRAN&CCEDIL   OIS RABELAIS   CULTURE OF THE MIND
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DOI 10.1163/157338212x631837
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Kepler as a Reader.Anthony Grafton - 1992 - Journal of the History of Ideas 53 (4):561-572.

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