Seeing and Visual Reference

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Perception is a central means by which we come to represent and be aware of particulars in the world. I argue that an adequate account of perception must distinguish between what one perceives and what one's perceptual experience is of or about. Through capacities for visual completion, one can be visually aware of particular parts of a scene that one nevertheless does not see. Seeing corresponds to a basic, but not exhaustive, way in which one can be visually aware of an item. I discuss how the relation between seeing and visual awareness should be explicated within a representational account of the mind. Visual awareness of an item involves a primitive kind of reference: one is visually aware of an item when one's visual perceptual state succeeds in referring to that particular item and functions to represent it accurately. Seeing, by contrast, requires more than successful visual reference. Seeing depends additionally on meta-semantic facts about how visual reference happens to be fixed. The notions of seeing and of visual reference are both indispensable to an account of perception, but they are to be characterized at different levels of representational explanation.

Similar books and articles

Visual perception and subjective visual awareness.Antti Revonsuo - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):769-770.
A task-oriented taxonomy of visual completion.Carol Yin - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):780-781.
Attentive Visual Reference.E. J. Green - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (1):3-38.
Visual Demonstratives.Mohan Matthen - 2012 - In Athanasios Raftopoulos & Peter Machamer (eds.), Perception, Realism and the Problem of Reference. Cambridge University Press.
The role of perceptual load in visual awareness.Nilli Lavie - 2006 - Brain Research. Special Issue 1080 (1):91-100.
Strength of early visual adaptation depends on visual awareness.Randolph Blake, Duje Tadin, Kenith V. Sobel, Tony A. Raissian & Sang Chul Chong - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (12):4783-4788.
Visual awareness of properties.Matthew J. Kennedy - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):298–325.
Representing the impossible.Jennifer Matey - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):188 - 206.
Reference, perception, and attention.Athanasios Raftopoulos - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (3):339 - 360.
What Is It Like to Have Visual Imagery?Fiona Macpherson - 2018 - In Susan Aldworth & Matthew MacKisack (eds.), Extreme Imagination: Inside the Eye's Mind. University of Exeter. pp. 21-29.
Mental imagery and the varieties of amodal perception.Robert Briscoe - 2011 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (2):153-173.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-12-14

Downloads
206 (#62,424)

6 months
46 (#29,757)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Kevin J. Lande
York University

Citations of this work

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics and Epistemology of Demonstratives and other Indexicals.David Kaplan - 1989 - In Joseph Almog, John Perry & Howard Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 481-563.
Origins of Objectivity.Tyler Burge - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
The Contents of Visual Experience.Susanna Siegel - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.

View all 53 references / Add more references