Bolzano a priori knowledge, and the Classical Model of Science

Synthese 174 (2):263-281 (2010)

Authors
Sandra Lapointe
McMaster University
Abstract
This paper is aimed at understanding one central aspect of Bolzano's views on deductive knowledge: what it means for a proposition and for a term to be known a priori. I argue that, for Bolzano, a priori knowledge is knowledge by virtue of meaning and that Bolzano has substantial views about meaning and what it is to know the latter. In particular, Bolzano believes that meaning is determined by implicit definition, i.e. the fundamental propositions in a deductive system. I go into some detail in presenting and discussing Bolzano's views on grounding, a priori knowledge and implicit definition. I explain why other aspects of Bolzano's theory and, in particular, his peculiar understanding of analyticity and the related notion of Ableitbarkeit might, as it has invariably in the past, mislead one to believe that Bolzano lacks a significant account oï a priori knowledge. Throughout the paper, I point out to the ways in which, in this respect, Bolzano's antagonistic relationship to Kant directly shaped his own views
Keywords Philosophy   Metaphysics   Philosophy of Language   Logic   Epistemology   Philosophy of Science
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-008-9421-8
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References found in this work BETA

Kant and the Exact Sciences.Michael FRIEDMAN - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
Paradoxien des Unendlichen.Bernard Bolzano - 2012 - Felix Meiner Verlag.
Wissenschaftslehre. [REVIEW]Bernard Bolzano - 2001 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2 (18):134-136.
Bolzano's Theory of Ground and Consequence.Armin Tatzel - 2002 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 43 (1):1-25.

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Citations of this work BETA

Logic and the Structure of the Web of Belief.Matthew Carlson - 2015 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 3 (5).
Bolzano and the Analytical Tradition.Sandra Lapointe - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (2):96-111.

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Defending Conventions as Functionally a Priori Knowledge.David J. Stump - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1149-1160.
Bolzano and the Analytical Tradition.Sandra Lapointe - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (2):96-111.
Contingent A Priori Knowledge.John Turri - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (2):327-344.
Bolzano on Mathematical Knowledge.Sandra Lapointe - 2011 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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