Human performance in natural environments is deeply impressive, and still much beyond current AI. Experimental techniques, such as eye tracking, may be useful to understand the cognitive basis of this performance, and “the human advantage.” Driving is domain where these techniques may deployed, in tasks ranging from rigorously controlled laboratory settings through high-fidelity simulations to naturalistic experiments in the wild. This research has revealed robust patterns that can be reliably identified and replicated in the field and reproduced in the lab. The purpose of this review is to cover the basics of what is known about these gaze behaviors, and some of their implications for understanding visually guided steering. The phenomena reviewed will be of interest to those working on any domain where visual guidance and control with similar task demands is involved. The paper is intended to be accessible to the non-specialist, without oversimplifying the complexity of real-world visual behavior. The literature reviewed will provide an information base useful for researchers working on oculomotor behaviors and physiology in the lab who wish to extend their research into more naturalistic locomotor tasks, or researchers in more applied fields who wish to bring aspects of the real-world ecology under experimental scrutiny. Part of a Research Topic on Gaze Strategies in Closed Self-paced tasks, this aspect of the driving task is discussed. It is in particular emphasized why it is important to carefully separate the visual strategies driving from visual behaviors relevant to other forms of driver behavior. There is always a balance to strike between ecological complexity and experimental control. One way to reconcile these demands is to look for natural, real-world tasks and behavior that are rich enough to be interesting yet sufficiently constrained and well-understood to be replicated in simulators and the lab. This ecological approach to driving as a model behavior and the way the connection between “lab” and “real world” can be spanned in this research is of interest to anyone keen to develop more ecologically representative designs for studying human gaze behavior.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.821440
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,290
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Eye Movements in Natural Behavior.Mary Hayhoe & Dana Ballard - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (4):188-194.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

On Aesthetically Appreciating Human Environments.Allen Carlson - 2001 - Philosophy and Geography 4 (1):9 – 24.
How Can We Know a Self-Driving Car is Safe?Jack Stilgoe - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):635-647.
New Anthropological Paradigm: Ecological Approach.Tronina Larisa - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 20:137-140.
Māori in the Kingdom of the Gaze: Subjects or Critics?Carl Mika & Georgina Stewart - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (3).


Added to PP index

Total views
1 ( #1,552,534 of 2,518,866 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #407,861 of 2,518,866 )

How can I increase my downloads?


Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes