In this paper we discuss the two-system framework, examine its strengths, point out a fundamental weakness concerning the unity of conscious experience, and then propose a new hypothesis that avoids that weakness and other related concerns. According to our strong emergence hypothesis, what emerges are not merely mental properties in specialized, distributed neural areas, but also a new, irreducibly singular entity that functions in a recurrent manner to integrate its mental properties and to rewire its brain. We argue that the former function is suggested, in part, by the effects of anesthetics on sensory integration, and that the latter function is suggested by evidence garnered from the neuroscience of mindfulness, constraint-induced movement therapy for stroke, and neuroimaging data surrounding mental illness. We then discuss how our strong emergence hypothesis relates to the description and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. Finally, potential objections are addressed.
Keywords Anesthesia  Anxiety  Consciousness  Emergence  Integration  Neuroplasticity  Self
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0019-0365
DOI 10.5840/ipq202016146
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,229
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Conscious Mind Unified.Brandon Rickabaugh - 2020 - Dissertation, Baylor University

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

How Subjects Can Emerge From Neurons.Eric LaRock & Mostyn Jones - 2019 - Process Studies 48 (1):40-58.
Aristotle and Agent-Directed Neuroplasticity.Eric Larock - 2013 - International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (4):385-408.
The Contents of Consciousness: A Neuropsychological Conjecture.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):659-76.
Is Consciousness Really a Brain Process?Eric Larock - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):201-229.
Converging on Emergence: Consciousness, Causation and Explanation.Michael Silberstein - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (9-10):61-98.
The Neurophilosophy of Consciousness.Pete Mandik - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 418--430.
Selectivity, Integration, and the Psycho-Neuro-Biological Continuum.Robert Arp - 2005 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (1-2):35-64.
Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness. [REVIEW]Tony Cheng - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):632-635.


Added to PP index

Total views
72 ( #150,607 of 2,455,480 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
15 ( #44,815 of 2,455,480 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes