Conceptual Analysis in Metaethics

In Tristram McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. pp. 536-551 (2017)
Authors
Stephen Finlay
University of Southern California
N. G. Laskowski
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Abstract
A critical survey of various positions on the nature, use, possession, and analysis of normative concepts. We frame our treatment around G.E. Moore’s Open Question Argument, and the ways metaethicists have responded by departing from a Classical Theory of concepts. In addition to the Classical Theory, we discuss synthetic naturalism, noncognitivism (expressivist and inferentialist), prototype theory, network theory, and empirical linguistic approaches. Although written for a general philosophical audience, we attempt to provide a new perspective and highlight some underappreciated problems about normative concepts.
Keywords Moral Concepts  Normative Concepts  Moore  Open Question  Empirical Linguistics  Noncognitivism  Cognitivism
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