The Dogmatism Puzzle

Maria Lasonen-Aarnio
Oxford University (DPhil)
According to the Dogmatism Puzzle, knowledge breeds dogmatism: if a subject knows a proposition h, then she is justified in disregarding any future evidence against h, for she knows that such evidence is misleading. The standard, widely accepted, solution to the puzzle appeals to the defeasibility of knowledge. I argue that the defeat solution leaves intact a residual dogmatist puzzle. Solving this puzzle requires proponents of defeat to deny a plausible principle that the original puzzle relies on called Entitlement, a principle stating roughly that knowing that a piece of evidence is misleading entitles one to disregard it. The plausibility of Entitlement should cast doubt not only on the defeat solution, but on an assumption that has often been taken for granted: the falsity of the dogmatist conclusion of the original puzzle. I conclude that we face a dilemma between giving up Entitlement and living with dogmatism
Keywords dogmatism puzzle  knowledge  defeat  misleading evidence  justification  entitlement  epistemic dilemmas  externalism  defeasible knowledge
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DOI 10.1080/00048402.2013.834949
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References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Knowledge and Lotteries.John Hawthorne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
Thought.Gilbert Harman - 1973 - Princeton University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Memory, Belief and Time.Brian James Weatherson - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (5):692-715.
Self-Defeating Beliefs and Misleading Reasons.Simon-Pierre Chevarie-Cossette - forthcoming - International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-16.
Misleading Evidence and the Dogmatism Puzzle.Ru Ye - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (3):563-575.

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