International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):107 – 119 (1993)
Abstract The concepts of consciousness and the unconscious have been problematic for cognitive science. This paper is an attempt to determine if artistic and, especially, scientific creativity, taken as a paradigm of cognitive activity, can be explained without recourse to the concept of the unconscious. It opens with a description of creative experience, guided by the works of Arthur Koestler and Abraham Pais and illustrated by anecdotes from the history of science. It then offers a summary and critique of the classical Freudian account of creativity. Next, adopting the perspective of connectionism or parallel distributed processing, the paper proceeds to examine the possibility of creative insight in neural networks. It closes with some observations on the brain/mind problem and with remarks on the necessity and usefulness of the unconscious as an explanatory construct
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References found in this work BETA
The Act of Creation.Arthur Koestler - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (63):255-257.
The Interpretation of Dreams.Sigmund Freud & A. A. Brill - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (20):551-555.
Leaping to Conclusions: Connectionism, Consciousness, and the Computational Mind.Dan Lloyd - 1991 - In Terence E. Horgan & John L. Tienson (eds.), Connectionism and the Philosophy of Mind. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 444--459.
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