Informational and relational meanings of deception: Implications for deception methods in research

Ethics and Behavior 11 (2):115 – 130 (2001)
Abstract
A lively exchange sparked by Ortmann and Hertwig's (1997) call to outlaw deception in psychological research was intensified by underlying differences in the meaning of deception. The conception held by Broder (1998), who defended deception, would restrict research more than Ortmann and Hertwig's (1997, 1998) conception. Historically, a similar difference in conceptions has been embedded in the controversy over deception in research. The distinction between informational and relational views of deception elucidates this difference. In an informational view, giving false information, allowing false assumptions, and withholding information are deceptive. In a relational view these failures to inform are not necessarily deceptive. Rather, relational criteria, including denial of right to the truth, betrayal of trust, and impairment of commerce with reality finally determine what is deceptive. Analyses reveal that fewer research procedures are deceptive on a relational view than on an informational view. Surveys of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology correspondingly show that a lower percentage of studies are deceptive on the relational view applied in this analysis than on the informational view applied by Sieber, Iannuzzo, and Rodriguez (1995). If restrictions on deception keep increasing, more studies will be vetoed on the currently salient informational view than would be vetoed on a relational view.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1207/S15327019EB1102_1
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 25,711
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
The Intent to Deceive.Roderick M. Chisholm & Thomas D. Feehan - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (3):143-159.
Ethics.Bonhoeffer Dietrich - 1955 - London: Scm Press.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Using Informed Consent to Save Trust.Nir Eyal - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):437-444.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Defining and Analyzing Journalistic Deception.Deni Elliott & Charles Culver - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (2):69 – 84.
Self-Deception Vs. Self-Caused Deception: A Comment on Professor Mele.Robert Audi - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):104-104.
Varieties of Self-Deception.Robert F. Bornstein - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):108-109.
Seeing Through Self-Deception.Annette Barnes - 1997 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
Deception by Researchers is Necessary and Not Necessarily Evil.David J. Weiss - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):431-432.
Understanding and Explaining Real Self-Deception.Alfred R. Mele - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):127-134.
Self-Deception, Rationality, and the Self.Thomas Sturm - 2007 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):73-95.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

19 ( #249,104 of 2,146,258 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #226,707 of 2,146,258 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums