Philosophical Papers 33 (3):251-289 (2004)

Lawrence Blum
University of Massachusetts, Boston
Stereotypes are false or misleading generalizations about groups, generally widely shared in a society, and held in a manner resistant, but not totally, to counterevidence. Stereotypes shape the stereotyper’s perception of stereotyped groups, seeing the stereotypic characteristics when they are not present, and generally homogenizing the group. The association between the group and the given characteristic involved in a stereotype often involves a cognitive investment weaker than that of belief. The cognitive distortions involved in stereotyping lead to various forms of moral distortion, to which moral philosophers have paid insufficient attention. Some of these are common to all stereotypes—failing to see members of the stereotyped groups as individuals, moral distancing, failing to see subgroup diversity within the group. Other moral distortions vary with the stereotype. Some attribute a much more damaging or stigmatizing characteristic (e.g. being violent) than others (e.g. being good at basketball). But the characteristic in question must also be viewed in its wider historical and social context to appreciate its overall negative and positive dimensions.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/05568640409485143
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Moral Encroachment.Sarah Moss - 2018 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 118 (2):177-205.
The Structure of Bias.Gabbrielle M. Johnson - 2020 - Mind 129 (516):1193-1236.

View all 41 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Revisiting Gender Role Stereotyping in the Sales Profession.Nikala Lane & Andrew Crane - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):121 - 132.
Humour, Beliefs, and Prejudice.Robin Tapley - 2012 - Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):85-92.
Epistemic Injustice and Epistemic Trust.Gloria Origgi - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (2):221-235.
Stereotypes and Moral Oversight in Conflict Resolution: What Are We Teaching?J. Harvey - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (4):513–527.


Added to PP index

Total views
48,183 ( #23 of 2,518,735 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1,167 ( #205 of 2,518,735 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes