Theories of matter

Synthese 31 (3-4):411 - 442 (1975)
"Matter" may be defined, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, as "The substance, or the substances collectively, out of which a physical object is made or of which it consists". And while the O.E.D. is not the ultimate authority on words, nor is it, I believe, far wrong in this particular case. The definition is, as I shall argue in this paper, in substantial harmony with a tradition of some antiquity, according to which material objects do not constitute a somehow 'fundamental category' for ontology; and it is in conflict with a more contemporary view which maintains precisely that they do.
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DOI 10.1007/BF00485212
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References found in this work BETA
Henry Laycock (1972). Some Questions of Ontology. Philosophical Review 81 (1):3-42.
Helen Morris Cartwright (1970). Quantities. Philosophical Review 79 (1):25-42.

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