Carnap, Goguen, and the hyperontologies: Logical pluralism and heterogeneous structuring in ontology design [Book Review]
Logica Universalis 4 (2):255-333 (2010)
This paper addresses questions of universality related to ontological engineering, namely aims at substantiating (negative) answers to the following three basic questions: (i) Is there a ‘universal ontology’?, (ii) Is there a ‘universal formal ontology language’?, and (iii) Is there a universally applicable ‘mode of reasoning’ for formal ontologies? To support our answers in a principled way, we present a general framework for the design of formal ontologies resting on two main principles: firstly, we endorse Rudolf Carnap’s principle of logical tolerance by giving central stage to the concept of logical heterogeneity, i.e. the use of a plurality of logical languages within one ontology design. Secondly, to structure and combine heterogeneous ontologies in a semantically well-founded way, we base our work on abstract model theory in the form of institutional semantics, as forcefully put forward by Joseph Goguen and Rod Burstall. In particular, we employ the structuring mechanisms of the heterogeneous algebraic specification language HetCasl for defining a general concept of heterogeneous, distributed, highly modular and structured ontologies, called hyperontologies. Moreover, we distinguish, on a structural and semantic level, several different kinds of combining and aligning heterogeneous ontologies, namely integration, connection, and refinement. We show how the notion of heterogeneous refinement can be used to provide both a general notion of sub-ontology as well as a notion of heterogeneous equivalence of ontologies, and finally sketch how different modes of reasoning over ontologies are related to these different structuring aspects
|Keywords||Ontologies reasoning modularity logical pluralism combination techniques algebraic specification institution theory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology.Rudolf Carnap - 1950 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4 (11):20--40.
Conceptual Spaces. The Geometry of Thought.Peter Gärdenfors - 2002 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (1):180-181.
Citations of this work BETA
Similar books and articles
An Ontology for G2g Collaboration in Public Policy Making, Implementation and Evaluation.Euripidis N. Loukis - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (1):19-48.
Bity i byty. O pewnym mało znanym zastosowaniu ontologii.Paweł Garbacz - 2007 - Filozofia Nauki 3 (59):121--140.
Towards a Functional Approach to Modular Ontologies Using Institutions.Daniel Pokrywczyński & Grant Malcolm - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (1):117-143.
Ontology (Science).Barry Smith - 2008 - In Carola Eschenbach & Michael Grüninger (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. IOS Press. pp. 21-35.
Open Biomedical Pluralism - Formalising Knowledge About Breast Cancer Phenotypes.Aleksandra Sojic & Oliver Kutz - 2012 - Journal of Biomedical Sematics 3 (2):S3.
An Ontology in Owl for Legal Case-Based Reasoning.Adam Wyner - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (4):361-387.
Endurants and Perdurants in Directly Depicting Ontologies.Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith - 2004 - AI Communications 13 (4):247–258.
Relations in Biomedical Ontologies.Barry Smith, Werner Ceusters, Bert Klagges, Jacob Köhler, Anand Kuma, Jane Lomax, Chris Mungall, , Fabian Neuhaus, Alan Rector & Cornelius Rosse - 2005 - Genome Biology 6 (5):R46.
A Comparison of Four Ontologies for the Design of Legal Knowledge Systems.Pepijn R. S. Visser & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (1):27-57.
The OBO Foundry: Coordinated Evolution of Ontologies to Support Biomedical Data Integration.Barry Smith, Michael Ashburner, Cornelius Rosse, Jonathan Bard, William Bug, Werner Ceusters, Louis J. Goldberg, Karen Eilbeck, Amelia Ireland, Mungall Christopher J., Neocles Leontis & Others - 2007 - Nature Biotechnology 25 (11):1251-1255.
Added to index2010-11-17
Total downloads43 ( #122,130 of 2,177,988 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #317,698 of 2,177,988 )
How can I increase my downloads?