Biology and Philosophy 34 (6):59 (2019)

Christopher Lean
University of Sydney
Lynch et al. propose an extremely useful framework to assess microbiome research. By utilising advances in the causation literature, they argue that many of the claims in microbiome research are ‘weak or misleading’ as these claims lack stability, specificity, or proportionality. In the final paragraph before the conclusion they entertain and rapidly dismiss the ‘ecological version’ of microbiomes, in which microbiome properties are emergent from their constituent populations and can fulfil Koch’s postulates. I assess the possibility of microbiomes having emergent causal efficacy on host health and suggest they can.
Keywords Microbiome  Philosophy of ecology  community ecology  causation  Philosophy of biology
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-019-9715-x
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Indexically Structured Ecological Communities.Christopher Lean - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):501-522.

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