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This article shows how and why John Toland’s Pantheisticon presents a version of Stoicism that locates Stoic ethics in terms of its ‘original’, naturalistic, foundation and devoid of any reconciliation with Christianity. As the article demonstrates, Toland’s account – based on Cicero’s Academica – stands opposed to the Christianized version of Stoicism that had dominated so much seventeenth-century discourse: in effect, Toland restores the materialism that was incompatible with neo-Stoicism. Furthermore, the article also suggests that this ‘restoration’ can be taken as a Spinozistic statement: Toland’s ‘application’ of Cicero celebrates what the first critics of neo-Stoicism had deemed dangerously close to Spinozism and so a threat to established piety.
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DOI 10.1080/09608788.2016.1230090
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Philosophical Papers and Letters.Martha Kneale - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (124):60-65.
Δι' Λων.D. A. Rees - 1950 - The Classical Review 64 (3-4):95-.
Unholy Force: Toland's Leibnizian 'Consummation' of Spinozism.Ian Leask - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):499-537.

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