Connecting Inquiry and Values in Science Education


Authors
Matthew J. Brown
University of Texas at Dallas
Abstract
Conducting scientific inquiry is expected to help students make informed decisions; however, how exactly it can help is rarely explained in science education standards. According to classroom studies, inquiry that students conduct in science classes seems to have little effect on their decision-making. Predetermined values play a large role in students’ decision-making, but students do not explore these values or evaluate whether they are appropriate to the particular issue they are deciding, and they often ignore relevant scientific information. We explore how to connect inquiry and values, and how this connection can contribute to informed decision-making based on John Dewey’s philosophy. Dewey argues that scientific inquiry should include value judgments and that conducting inquiry can improve the ability to make good value judgments. Value judgment is essential to informed, rational decision-making, and Dewey’s ideas can explain how conducting inquiry can contribute to make an informed decision through value judgment. According to Dewey, each value judgment during inquiry is a practical judgment guiding action, and students can improve their value judgments by evaluating their actions during scientific inquiry. Thus, we suggest that students need an opportunity to explore values through scientific inquiry and that practicing value judgment will help informed decision-makings.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11191-017-9952-9
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 40,785
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Essential Tension.T. S. Kuhn - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 31 (4):359-375.
Inductive Risk and Values in Science.Heather Douglas - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (4):559-579.
The Value of Cognitive Values.Heather Douglas - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):796-806.
State of the Field: Transient Underdetermination and Values in Science.Justin Biddle - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):124-133.

View all 23 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Science Education and Moral Education.Michael Martin - 1986 - Journal of Moral Education 15 (2):99-108.
Adequate Presentation of Science Values in Educational Process.V. Svetlana - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:309-315.
Adequate Presentation of Science Values in Educational Process.V. Vlasova Svetlana - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:309-315.
Values Education ‐‐ Some New South Wales Experiences.A. J. Hepworth - 1979 - Journal of Moral Education 8 (3):193-201.
Values and Science: Dewey and Pragmatist Inquiry.Andrew Ward - 2001 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 8 (1):67-80.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-02-16

Total views
7 ( #851,453 of 2,243,868 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #812,996 of 2,243,868 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature