Zygon 54 (4):880-908 (2019)

Abstract
Many scholars often use the terms “metaphors,” “analogies,” and “models” interchangeably and inadvertently overlook the uniqueness of each word. According to recent cognitive studies, the three terms involve distinct cognitive processes using features from a familiar concept and applying them to an abstract, complicated concept. In the field of science and religion, there have been various objects or ideas used as metaphors, analogies, or models to describe the science–religion relationship. Although these heuristic tools provided some understanding of the complex interaction, they failed to address the broad nature of science and religion as well as the multifarious relationship between the two in a sociocultural context. Unlike the previous candidates, the concept of language, including the notions of linguistic worldview, linguistic identity, dialects, power, and bilingualism, offers a unique and comprehensive window through which science, religion, and the relationship between the two are seen with clarity.
Keywords analogy  bilingualism  cognitive science  language  mapping  metaphor  model  religion  science
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DOI 10.1111/zygo.12569
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References found in this work BETA

Language and Emotion.George Lakoff - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (3):269-273.
Structure-Mapping in Metaphor Comprehension.Phillip Wolff & Dedre Gentner - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1456-1488.
The Cognitive Basis of Model-Based Reasoning in Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 133--153.

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