Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):237-258 (2013)

Brian Leiter
University of Chicago
This essay offers an interpretation and partial defense of Nietzsche's idea that moralities and moral judgments are “sign-languages” or “symptoms” of our affects, that is, of our emotions or feelings. According to Nietzsche, as I reconstruct his view, moral judgments result from the interaction of two kinds of affective responses: first, a “basic affect” of inclination toward or aversion from certain acts, and then a further affective response to that basic affect. I argue that Nietzsche views basic affects asnoncognitive, that is, as identifiable solely by how they feel to the subject who experiences the affect. By contrast, I suggest that meta-affects sometimes incorporate acognitivecomponent like belief. After showing how this account of moral judgment comports with a reading of Nietzsche's moral philosophy that I have offered in previous work, I conclude by adducing philosophical and empirical psychological reasons for thinking that Nietzsche's account of moral judgment is correct.
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DOI 10.1017/s0265052513000113
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References found in this work BETA

Truth and Objectivity.Crispin Wright - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
Facts and Values.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (2):5-31.
Cognitivism in the Theory of Emotions.John Deigh - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):824-54.

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Citations of this work BETA

Strangers to Ourselves: A Nietzschean Challenge to the Badness of Suffering.Nicolas Delon - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
The Death of God and the Death of Morality.Brian Leiter - 2019 - The Monist 102 (3):386-402.
Normativity For Naturalists.Brian Leiter - 2015 - Philosophical Issues 25 (1):64-79.
Nietzsche as Perfectionist.Donald Rutherford - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):42-61.
Virtuous Homunculi: Nietzsche on the Order of Drives.Mattia Riccardi - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):21-41.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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