Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):33-41 (2010)

Abstract
Against the ideal of value-free science I argue that science is not––and cannot be––value-free and that relevant values are both cognitive and moral. I develop an argument by indicating various aspects of the value-ladenness of science. The recognition of the value-ladenness of science requires rethinking our understanding of the rationality and responsibility of science. Its rationality cannot be seen as merely instrumental––as it was seen by the ideal of value-free science––for this would result in limiting the autonomy of science and reducing scientists to “minds to hire”. The scientific rationality must be seen as practical rationality which takes into account the full horizon of values. The scientific responsibility must also be broaden in scope and type. On this basis I draw three practical conclusions concerning the organization of research and training of young scientists, appealing to Plato’s claim that those most capable of healing are also those most capable of harming.
Keywords Value-free science  Value-ladenness of science  Instrumental rationality  Practical rationality  Responsibility of science
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11948-009-9128-3
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,199
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
The Scientist Qua Scientist Makes Value Judgments.Richard Rudner - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (1):1-6.
Inductive Risk and Values in Science.Heather Douglas - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (4):559-579.

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Gender Issues in Corporate Leadership.Devora Shapiro & Marilea Bramer - 2013 - Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics:1177-1189.
Social Simulation Models at the Ethical Crossroads.Pawel Sobkowicz - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):143-157.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Economic Values in the Configuration of Science.Wenceslao J. González - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):85-112.
Consensus and Evolution in Science.Gonzalo Munevar - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:120 - 129.
Moral Autonomy and the Rationality of Science.James C. Gaa - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):513-541.
The Scope and Limits of Value-Freedom in Science.Panu Raatikainen - 2006 - In Heikki J. Koskinen Sami Pihlstrom & Risto Vilkko (eds.), Science – A Challenge to Philosophy?
The Role of Cognitive Values in the Shaping of Scientific Rationality.Jan Faye - 2008 - In Evandro Agazzi (ed.), Science and Ethics. The Axiological Contexts of Science. (Series: Philosophy and Politics. Vol. 14. Vienna: P.I.E. Peter Lang. pp. 125-140.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-04-06

Total views
211 ( #55,130 of 2,518,001 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #117,058 of 2,518,001 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes