Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):33-41 (2010)
Against the ideal of value-free science I argue that science is not––and cannot be––value-free and that relevant values are both cognitive and moral. I develop an argument by indicating various aspects of the value-ladenness of science. The recognition of the value-ladenness of science requires rethinking our understanding of the rationality and responsibility of science. Its rationality cannot be seen as merely instrumental––as it was seen by the ideal of value-free science––for this would result in limiting the autonomy of science and reducing scientists to “minds to hire”. The scientific rationality must be seen as practical rationality which takes into account the full horizon of values. The scientific responsibility must also be broaden in scope and type. On this basis I draw three practical conclusions concerning the organization of research and training of young scientists, appealing to Plato’s claim that those most capable of healing are also those most capable of harming.
|Keywords||Value-free science Value-ladenness of science Instrumental rationality Practical rationality Responsibility of science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry.Helen E. Longino - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
The Imperative of Responsibility: In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age.Hans Jonas - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
Is Science Value Free?: Values and Scientific Understanding.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Routledge.
Citations of this work BETA
Framework for the Analysis of Nanotechnologies’ Impacts and Ethical Acceptability: Basis of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Assessing Novel Technologies.Johane Patenaude, Georges-Auguste Legault, Jacques Beauvais, Louise Bernier, Jean-Pierre Béland, Patrick Boissy, Vanessa Chenel, Charles-Étienne Daniel, Jonathan Genest, Marie-Sol Poirier & Danielle Tapin - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):293-315.
Introducing Survival Ethics Into Engineering Education and Practice.C. Verharen, J. Tharakan, G. Middendorf, M. Castro-Sitiriche & G. Kadoda - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):599-623.
Similar books and articles
Economic Values in the Configuration of Science.Wenceslao J. González - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):85-112.
Consensus and Evolution in Science.Gonzalo Munevar - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:120 - 129.
Review of Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal. [REVIEW]Nicholas Maxwell - 2010 - Metapsychology 14 (10).
Moral Autonomy and the Rationality of Science.James C. Gaa - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):513-541.
The Scope and Limits of Value-Freedom in Science.Panu Raatikainen - 2006 - In Heikki J. Koskinen Sami Pihlstrom & Risto Vilkko (eds.), Science – A Challenge to Philosophy?
Heather Douglas: Is Science Value-Free? (Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal). [REVIEW]Gregory J. Morgan - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):423-426.
Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions.Harold Kincaid, John Dupré & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
What is the Question Concerning the Rationality of Science?Harvey Siegel - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):517-537.
Added to index2009-04-06
Total downloads135 ( #34,731 of 2,158,464 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #86,880 of 2,158,464 )
How can I increase my downloads?