Die ›Evolutionstheorien‹ Goethes und Schopenhauers. Eine kritische Aufarbeitung des wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Forschungsstandes

In Daniel Schubbe & Søren Fauth (eds.), Schopenhauer und Goethe: Biographische und philosophische Perspektiven. Hamburg, Deutschland: pp. 247-299 (2016)

Jens Lemanski
Fernuniversität Hagen
This article compares the research literature published by Goethe and Schopenhauer on the subject of evolutionary theory. The metatheoretical thesis is supported that the results of any comparison between Schopenhauer or Goethe and a concrete theory of evolution always depend on three dimensions: 1. the scientific point of view of the comparative, 2. the meaning and definition of the central terms and 3. the selection of the analyzed primary literature. It is also argued that no previously published study was able to present convincing arguments for the fact that Schopenhauer or Goethe represented a 'theory of evolution'.
Keywords Evolution  Natural Selection  struggle for existence  transmutation of species
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