How Do Groups Work? Age Differences in Performance and the Social Outcomes of Peer Collaboration

Cognitive Science 39 (4):804-820 (2015)

Abstract
Do children derive different benefits from group collaboration at different ages? In the present study, 183 children from two age groups took part in a class quiz as members of a group, or individually. In some groups, cohesiveness was made salient by awarding prizes to the top performing groups. In other groups, prizes were awarded to the best performing individuals. Findings, both in terms of social outcomes and performance in the quiz, indicated that the 8-year olds viewed the benefits of group membership in terms of the opportunities to receive information from other members. The 13-year olds, in contrast, viewed group collaboration as a constructive process where success was connected with group cohesiveness
Keywords Group  Interaction  Collaboration  Sociometric status  Peer
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DOI 10.1111/cogs.12172
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The Moral Judgement of the Child.Jean Piaget - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (31):373-374.

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