Philosophy of Science 74 (2):176-194 (2007)

Abstract
The goal of the present article is to contribute to the epistemology and methodology of computer simulations. The central thesis is that the process of simulation modeling takes the form of an explorative cooperation between experimenting and modeling. This characteristic mode of modeling turns simulations into autonomous mediators in a specific way; namely, it makes it possible for the phenomena and the data to exert a direct influence on the model. The argumentation will be illustrated by a case study of the general circulation models of meteorology, the major simulation models in climate research.
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DOI 10.1086/519029
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References found in this work BETA

Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World.Winsberg Eric - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):105-125.
Models in Physics.Michael Redhead - 1980 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 31 (2):145-163.
Sanctioning Models: The Epistemology of Simulation.Eric Winsberg - 1999 - Science in Context 12 (2):275-292.
The Uses of Experiment.David Gooding, Trevor Pinch & Simon Schaffer - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):99-109.

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Citations of this work BETA

Experiments, Simulations, and Epistemic Privilege.Emily C. Parke - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):516-536.
Computer Simulations in Science.Eric Winsberg - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
How Can Computer Simulations Produce New Knowledge?Claus Beisbart - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (3):395-434.

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