Freitas on Disease in Nanomedicine: Implications for Ethics [Book Review]

NanoEthics 4 (3):205-214 (2010)

Authors
Vassiliki Leontis
Bowling Green State University
Abstract
This paper critically examines the volitional normative model of disease and its underlying nanotechnologic vision of medicine both defended by Robert Freitas. Having provided an account of this vision, we explicate the highlight of the model, which is a concept of disease based on individual values and preferences. The model’s normative positions are then critiqued based on our argument that the epistemic basis of Freitas’s vision of nanotechnologic medicine and, by extension, of his volitional normative model of disease is scientifically flawed. An ethical and social critique of the model is then conducted on the basis of the model’s implicit ethical underpinnings. We argue that Freitas fails to justify the normativity of his model by not addressing the ethical issues that permeate it, one of which is the question of responsibility regarding the development of medical nanotechnology and the practice of new forms of medicine such as the one he envisions. We conclude that, due to its radically individualistic position, the model implies an unjustified view of nanoethics and relegates this field of ethics to the periphery of discussions of nanomedicine
Keywords Chromosome replacement therapy  Freitas  Molecular reference structures  Molecular technologic medicine  Nanoethics  Nanomedicine  Nanotechnologic medicine  Nanotechnology  Volitional normative model of disease
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11569-010-0092-9
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 46,179
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
The Concepts of Health and Illness Revisited.Lennart Nordenfelt - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):5-10.
Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis.John Z. Sadler - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
An Agenda for Future Debate on Concepts of Health and Disease.George Khushf - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):19-27.
Some Pitfalls in the Philosophical Foundations of Nanoethics.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (3):237 – 261.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Portrait of Nanomedicine and Its Bioethical Implications.Rebecca M. Hall, Tong Sun & Mauro Ferrari - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):763-779.
The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
Simplified Models of the Relationship Between Health and Disease.Bjørn Hofmann - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):355-377.
Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model.Caroline Whitbeck - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
The Social Concept of Disease.Juha Räikkä - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).
A Broader View of Justice.Nancy S. Jecker - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):2 – 10.
The Concept of Disease: Structure and Change.P. Thagard - 1996 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 29:445-478.
An Essay on the Desire-Based Reasons Model.Attila Tanyi - 2006 - Dissertation, Central European University

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-11-18

Total views
19 ( #481,882 of 2,285,629 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #577,262 of 2,285,629 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature