Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):254-264 (1999)
Traditional explanations of multistable visual phenomena (e.g. ambiguous figures, perceptual rivalry) suggest that the basis for spontaneous reversals in perception lies in antagonistic connectivity within the visual system. In this review, we suggest an alternative, albeit speculative, explanation for visual multistability – that spontaneous alternations reflect responses to active, programmed events initiated by brain areas that integrate sensory and non-sensory information to coordinate a diversity of behaviors. Much evidence suggests that perceptual reversals are themselves more closely related to the expression of a behavior than to passive sensory responses: (1) they are initiated spontaneously, often voluntarily, and are influenced by subjective variables such as attention and mood; (2) the alternation process is greatly facilitated with practice and compromised by lesions in non-visual cortical areas; (3) the alternation process has temporal dynamics similar to those of spontaneously initiated behaviors; (4) functional imaging reveals that brain areas associated with a variety of cognitive behaviors are specifically activated when vision becomes unstable. In this scheme, reorganizations of activity throughout the visual cortex, concurrent with perceptual reversals, are initiated by higher, largely non-sensory brain centers. Such direct intervention in the processing of the sensory input by brain structures associated with planning and motor programming might serve an important role in perceptual organization, particularly in aspects related to selective attention
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Neural Mechanisms of Selective Visual Attention.R. Desimone & J. Duncan - 1995 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 18 (1):193-222.
Are We Aware of Neural Activity in Primary Visual Cortex?Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 1995 - Nature 375:121-23.
Binocular Rivalry and Visual Awareness in Human Extrastriate Cortex.Frank Tong, K. Nakayama, J. T. Vaughan & Nancy Kanwisher - 1998 - Neuron 21:753-59.
Citations of this work BETA
Whatever Next? Predictive Brains, Situated Agents, and the Future of Cognitive Science.Andy Clark - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):181-204.
Why Visual Attention and Awareness Are Different.Victor A. F. Lamme - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):12-18.
Radical Embodiment: Neural Dynamics and Consciousness.Evan Thompson & Francisco J. Varela - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):418-425.
Seeing‐As in the Light of Vision Science.Ned Block - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (1):560-572.
Predictive Coding Explains Binocular Rivalry: An Epistemological Review.Jakob Hohwy, Andreas Roepstorff & Karl Friston - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):687-701.
Similar books and articles
Toward an Explanation of the Genesis of Ketamine-Induced Perceptual Distortions and Hallucinatory States.Alfredo Pereira Jr - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (3):307-326.
One Visual System with Two Interacting Visual Streams.Jason S. McCarley & Gregory J. DiGirolamo - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):112-113.
Perceptual Alternation Induced by Visual Transients.Ryota Kanai, Farshad Moradi, Shinsuke Shimojo & Frans A. J. Verstraten - 2005 - Perception 34 (7):803-822.
Two Visual Systems and Two Theories of Perception: An Attempt to Reconcile the Constructivist and Ecological Approaches.Joel Norman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):73-96.
The Visual System and Levels of Perception: Properties of Neuromental Organization.Petra Stoerig & Stephan Brandt - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).
A Qualitative Analysis of Sensory Phenomena Induced by Perceptual Deprivation.Donna M. Lloyd, Elizabeth Lewis, Jacob Payne & Lindsay Wilson - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):95-112.
Neural Mechanisms of Perceptual Organization.N. Leopold Logothetis & Sheinberg A. - 2003 - In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins.
A Binocular Rivalry Study of Motion Perception in the Human Brain.K. Moutoussis, G. A. Keliris, Z. Kourtzi & N. K. Logothetis - 2005 - Vision Research 45 (17):2231-43.
Stable Perception of Visually Ambiguous Patterns.David A. Leopold, Melanie Wilke, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis - 2002 - Nature Neuroscience 5 (6):605-609.
Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception.N. K. Logothetis D. A. Leopold - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3:254-264.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads221 ( #16,363 of 2,152,644 )
Recent downloads (6 months)40 ( #7,047 of 2,152,644 )
How can I increase my downloads?