Paris: Vrin (2008)

Leone Gazziero
Université Charles-de-Gaulle - Lille 3
Do Ideas exist and can we prove it ? Do proofs of their existence have all the same value or not ? Aristotle addresses these issues in two famous documents of the controversy that pitted supporters of the theory of Forms against its opponents within Plato’s Academy : his lost work, quoted by Alexander of Aphrodisias by the title of Peri Ideon, and the lengthy thrust against Ideas that can be read, with some minor variations, in books A, chapter 9, and M, chapter 4, of his Metaphysics. As we only have fragments of the first, the second being laconic and little more than a summary, there has been much speculation about the exact number and nature of the arguments for and against the Forms. Since the pioneering works of Léon Robin, Paul Wilpert et Harold Cherniss, one problem in particular has attracted the attention of specialists : what arguments does Aristotle accuse of either producing Ideas on relatives for one or of dragging in the « Third Man » for another ? Why does he consider these arguments to be more rigorous than the others ? If we are not dealing with the same arguments, how can these be more or better argued than those mentioned by Aristotle in the same breath, namely the arguments Plato’s followers took from the sciences, the one over many and the thought about things that have perished ? Through detailed analysis of texts from the Corpus Aristotelicum and Alexander’s commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Rationes ex machina develops a new interpretation of the controversial file of the akribesteroi tôn logôn as well as a micrological solution to the puzzle that has come to be a sort of compulsory figure of the exegesis of the Aristotelian criticism of « Plato’s Ideas ».
Keywords Aristotle  Plato  Alexander of Aphrodisias  Ideas  Third Man Argument  Peri ideôn
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy this book $27.20 new (22% off)   $55.31 used   Amazon page
ISBN(s) 2711619923   9782711619924
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 68,944
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Theoretical Rationale.Ermelinda Valentina Di Lascio - 2012 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 15 (1):55-89.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

From Necessity to Fate: A Fallacy.Sarah Broadie - 2001 - The Journal of Ethics 5 (1):21-37.


Added to PP index

Total views
57 ( #197,427 of 2,498,022 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #428,301 of 2,498,022 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes