Asian Philosophy 13 (2 & 3):115 – 129 (2003)

Michael P. Levine
University of Western Australia
Those who claim the concept of enlightenment (nibānna) has not evolved must rest their claim on a strong distinction between changing and variant interpretations of the concept on the one hand, and what the term really means or refers to on the other. This paper examines whether all evolution of the concept of enlightenment is best seen as interpretive variation rather than as embodying real notional change - a change in the reference of the term. It is implausible to suppose that the enlightenment has not evolved, and also implausible to suppose that the notion of enlightenment is the same across various sects of Buddhism. Zen enlightenment is not the same as Theravada enlightenment. Two points of controversy about nibnna are discussed and Christian attitudes toward scripture are compared with those in Buddhism.
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DOI 10.1080/0955236032000162682
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References found in this work BETA

Advaita Vedānta: A Philosophical Reconstruction.Eliot Deutsch - 1969 - Honolulu, East-West Center Press.
Buddhist Philosophy: A Historical Analysis.David J. Kalupahana - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (2):316-319.
Advaita Vedānta: A Philosophical Reconstruction.Bimal Krishna Matilal - 1971 - Philosophy East and West 21 (3):332-335.

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