In Ron Iphofen (ed.), Handbook of Research Ethics and Scientific Integrity. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 459-474 (2020)

Authors
Jonathan Lewis
Dublin City University
Abstract
Experimental design is one aspect of a scientific method. A well-designed, properly conducted experiment aims to control variables in order to isolate and manipulate causal effects and thereby maximize internal validity, support causal inferences, and guarantee reliable results. Traditionally employed in the natural sciences, experimental design has become an important part of research in the social and behavioral sciences. Experimental methods are also endorsed as the most reliable guides to policy effectiveness. Through a discussion of some of the central concepts associated with experimental design, including controlled variation and randomization, this chapter will provide a summary of key ethical issues that tend to arise in experimental contexts. In addition, by exploring assumptions about the nature of causation and by analyzing features of causal relationships, systems, and inferences in social contexts, this chapter will summarize the ways in which experimental design can undermine the integrity of not only social and behavioral research but policies implemented on the basis of such research.
Keywords Experimental Design  Randomisation  Controlled variation  Deception  Informed consent  Causal relationship  Causal inference  Reliability  Internal validity  External validity  Validity
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Social Construction of What?Ian Hacking - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
Bias and Values in Scientific Research.Torsten Wilholt - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (1):92-101.

View all 35 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Reliability and External Validity of Neurobiological Experiments.Wong Muk Yan - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):429-446.
Randomization and the Design of Experiments.Peter Urbach - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (2):256-273.
Why a Trade-Off? The Relationship Between the External and Internal Validity of Experiments.Maria Jimenez-Buedo & Luis Miguel Miller - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 25 (3):301-321.
Clear-Cut Designs Versus the Uniformity of Experimental Practice.Francesco Guala - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):412-413.
Scientific Coherence and the Fusion of Experimental Results.David Danks - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):791-807.
How Validity Travelled to Economic Experimenting.Floris Heukelom - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (1):13-28.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-10-25

Total views
194 ( #49,807 of 2,421,429 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
31 ( #26,458 of 2,421,429 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes