The exploitation solution to the Non-Identity Problem

Philosophical Studies 167 (1):73-88 (2014)
Abstract
When discussing exploitation, we often say things like this, “sweatshop laborers have terrible working conditions and are paid almost nothing, but they are better off with that labor than with no labor.” Similarly, in describing the Non-Identity Problem, Derek Parfit points out: we cannot say that the individuals born in future generations are worse off because of our destructive environmental policies because the particular people living in those future generations wouldn’t even exist if it were not for these destructive policies. How can we explain these cases, exploitation and environmental destruction, as ones of wrongdoing when the victims in both cases are no worse off than they would have otherwise been? This paper investigates the link between these two moral puzzles and ultimately uses one to solve the other: an exploitation solution to the Non-Identity Problem
Keywords Exploitation  Non-Identity Problem  Harm  Rights
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-013-0233-4
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References found in this work BETA
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Exploitation.Alan Wertheimer - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
Can We Harm and Benefit in Creating?Elizabeth Harman - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):89–113.
The Metaphysics of Harm.Matthew Hanser - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):421-450.

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