Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (3):295-313 (2012)
This essay studies equality and inequality in Confucianism. By studying Confucius, Mencius, Xunzi, and other classic thinkers, I argue that Confucian equality is manifested in two forms. Numerical equality is founded in the Mencian belief that every person is born with the same moral potential and the Xunzian notion that all people have the same xing and the same potential for moral cultivation. It is also manifested in the form of role-based equality. Proportional equality, however, is the main notion of equality in Confucian philosophy. Proportional equality is realized in moral, economic, and political realms. On the basis of these notions of Confucian equality, I propose two Confucian political principles for contemporary society. The first is the inclusive principle of general election by citizenry, and the second is the exclusive principle of qualification for public offices.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context.Daniel A. Bell - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
The Concept of Man in Early China.Donald J. Munro - 1969 - Stanford, Calif., Stanford University Press.
Democracy and Meritocracy: Toward a Confucian Perspective.Joseph Chan - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (2):179–193.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
The Source of the Idea of Equality in Confucian Thought.Gao Ruiquan - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (4):486-505.
Equality Does Not Entail Equality Across Species.Roger Fjellstrom - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (4):339-352.
Upside-Down Equality: A Response to Kantian Thought.Prof Laurence Thomas - 2003 - In [Book Chapter] (in Press).
What is Social Equality? An Analysis of Status Equality as a Strongly Egalitarian Ideal.Carina Fourie - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (2):107-126.
Equality of Opportunity and Complex Equality: The Special Place of Schooling. [REVIEW]Harry Brighouse - 2007 - Res Publica 13 (2):147-158.
An Explanation of the Confucian Idea of Difference.Xiangjun Li - 2007 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):488-502.
Added to index2012-07-07
Total downloads18 ( #267,916 of 2,158,357 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #355,511 of 2,158,357 )
How can I increase my downloads?