Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):303 - 323 (2009)
Organizations that believe they should "give something back" to the society have embraced the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Although the theoretical underpinnings of CSR have been frequently debated, empirical studies often involve only limited aspects, implying that theory may not be congruent with actual practices and may impede understanding and further development of CSR. The authors investigate actual CSR practices related to five different stakeholder groups, develop an instrument to measure those CSR practices, and apply it to a survey of 401 U.S. organizations. Four different clusters of organizations emerge, depending on the CSR practice focus. The distinctive features of each cluster relate to organizational demographics, perceived influence of stakeholders, managers' perceptions of the influence of CSR on performance, and organizational performance
|Keywords||Corporate social responsibility practices stakeholders U.S. performance outcomes survey|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
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Citations of this work BETA
Doing Well While Doing Bad? CSR in Controversial Industry Sectors.Ye Cai, Hoje Jo & Carrie Pan - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):467 - 480.
Does CSR Reduce Firm Risk? Evidence From Controversial Industry Sectors.Hoje Jo & Haejung Na - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):441-456.
Configuration of External Influences: The Combined Effects of Institutions and Stakeholders on Corporate Social Responsibility Strategies. [REVIEW]Min-Dong Paul Lee - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):281-298.
Exploring Human Resource Management Roles in Corporate Social Responsibility: The CSR‐HRM Co‐Creation Model.Dima R. Jamali, Ali M. El Dirani & Ian A. Harwood - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (2):125-143.
Guest Editorial: Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors. [REVIEW]Adam Lindgreen, François Maon, Jon Reast & Mirella Yani-De-Soriano - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):393-395.
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