Neuroprediction, Truth-Sensitivity, and the Law

Journal of Ethics 18 (2):123-136 (2014)
Abstract
A recent argument by Nadelhoffer et al. defends a cautious optimism regarding the use of neuroprediction in relation to sentencing based, in part, on an assessment of the offender’s dangerousness. While this optimism may be warranted, Nadelhoffer et al.’s argument fails to justify it. Although neuropredictions provide individualized, non-statistical evidence they will often be problematic for the same reason that basing sentencing on statistical evidence is, to wit, that such predictions are insensitive to the offender’s dangerousness in relevant counterfactual situations and, accordingly, fail to provide the court with knowledge of the offender’s dangerousness. Admittedly, it could be replied that standard clinical assessments of dangerousness possess the same objectionable feature, but doing so undermines a different part of Nadelhoffer et al.’s argument. Finally, I criticize an incentives-based rationale for sentencing informed by neuropredictions of dangerousness
Keywords Dangerousness  Evidence  Neuroprediction  Punishment  Statistical evidence
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DOI 10.1007/s10892-014-9162-5
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References found in this work BETA
Philosophical Explanations.Robert Nozick - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
Knowledge and Lotteries.John Hawthorne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
What Else Justification Could Be.Martin Smith - 2010 - Noûs 44 (1):10 - 31.
The Nature of Rationality.Robert Nozick - 1993 - Princeton University Press.

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