In Herman Cappelen, Tamar Szabó Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology. Oxford University Press (2016)

Authors
Laura Valentini
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
Christian List
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
Abstract
This article examines the methodology of a core branch of contemporary political theory or philosophy: “analytic” political theory. After distinguishing political theory from related fields, such as political science, moral philosophy, and legal theory, the article discusses the analysis of political concepts. It then turns to the notions of principles and theories, as distinct from concepts, and reviews the methods of assessing such principles and theories, for the purpose of justifying or criticizing them. Finally, it looks at a recent debate on how abstract and idealized political theory should be, and assesses the significance of disagreement in political theory. The discussion is carried out from an angle inspired by the philosophy of science.
Keywords Political theory  Political philosophy  Methodology  Political concepts  Principles and theories  Theory testing, including reflective equilibrium  Ideal versus non-ideal theory  Disagreement in political theory  Normative and evaluative versus positive theories  Philosophy of science
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Reprint years 2016
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DOI 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199668779.013.10
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Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Political Liberalism.John Rawls - 1993 - Columbia University Press.
Rescuing Justice and Equality.G. A. Cohen (ed.) - 2008 - Harvard University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

On the Justification of Basic Rights.Laura Valentini - 2016 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 45 (3):52-63.
Defining the Duty to Contribute: Against the Market Solution.Markus Furendal - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (4):469-488.
Zum Status von Intuitionen in Gedankenexperimenten.Jakob Huber - 2020 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (5):689-704.
Political Realism as Methods Not Metaethics.Jonathan Leader Maynard - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-15.

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