Einstein and relativistic thermodynamics in 1952: a historical and critical study of a strange episode in the history of modern physics

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Chuang Liu
University of Florida
Abstract
Over forty years after the foundations of the special theory of relativity had been securely laid, a heated debate, beginning in 1965, about the correct formulation of relativistic thermodynamics raged in the physics literature. Prior to 1965, relativistic thermodynamics was considered one of the most secure relativistic theories and one of the most simple and elegant examples of relativization in physics. It is, as its name apparently suggests, the result of the application of the special theory of relativity to thermodynamics. The basic assumption is that the first and second laws of thermodynamics are Lorentz-invariant, and, as a result, a set of Lorentz transformations is derived from thermodynamic magnitudes, such as heat and temperature
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DOI 10.1017/S0007087400028764
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Is There a Relativistic Thermodynamics? A Case Study of the Meaning of Special Relativity.Chuang Liu - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (6):983-1004.

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