In two experiments, subjects’ task was to decide whether a binocularly viewed target word was evaluatively good (e.g., fame, comedy, rescue) or bad (e.g., stress, detest, malaria) in meaning. Just prior to this target word, a priming word was presented to the nondominant eye, and masked by an immediately following presentation of a letter—fragment pattern to the dominant eye. (Masking effectiveness was demonstrated by subjects’ failure to discriminate the left vs. right position of a test series of words.) In Experiment 1, which used evaluatively positive or negative words as priming stimuli, judgment latency for the evaluative decision task was facilitated by primes that agreed in evaluation with targets, and was retarded by primes that disagreed in evaluation with targets. This result demonstrated that the evaluative meaning of priming stimuli was processed under conditions that prevented subjects from detecting their presence. Primes in Experiment 2 were 2-word strings for which the evaluative meaning of individual words was orthogonal to the evaluative sentence meaning (e.g., the two evaluatively negative words, "enemy fails,“ make up an evaluatively positive sentence). Results of Experiment 2 indicated that masked priming effects were influenced by the evaluative meanings of individual words, but not by their sentence meanings. This result supported the conclusion that the processing of undetected, dichoptically masked words is limited to analyses that are not powerful enough to extract sentence meanings.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
No Negative Semantic Priming From Unconscious Flanker Words in Sight.Katia Duscherer & Daniel Holender - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (4):839-853.
Parts Outweigh the Whole (Word) in Unconscious Analysis of Meaning.R. L. Abrams & Anthony G. Greenwald - 2000 - Psychological Science 11 (2):118-124.
Iconic Gestures Prime Words.De-Fu Yap, Wing-Chee So, Ju-Min Melvin Yap, Ying-Quan Tan & Ruo-Li Serene Teoh - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):171-183.
Mechanisms of Unconscious Priming: Response Competition, Not Spreading Activation.M. R. Klinger, P. Burton & G. Pitts - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):441-455.
Meaning, Concepts, and the Lexicon.Michael Glanzberg - 2011 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):1-29.
Discovering the Moment of Consciousness? II: An Erp Analysis of Priming Using Novel Visual Stimuli.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):167 – 196.
Word-Identification Priming for Ignored and Attended Words.M. Stone, S. L. Ladd, C. J. Vaidya & J. D. E. Gabrieli - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):238-258.
Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing.S. Dehaene, A. G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams & L. Naccache - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #258,659 of 2,169,414 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #345,461 of 2,169,414 )
How can I increase my downloads?