RAWLSNET: Altering Bayesian Networks to Encode Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Proceedings of the 2021 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

We present RAWLSNET, a system for altering Bayesian Network (BN) models to satisfy the Rawlsian principle of fair equality of opportunity (FEO). RAWLSNET's BN models generate aspirational data distributions: data generated to reflect an ideally fair, FEO-satisfying society. FEO states that everyone with the same talent and willingness to use it should have the same chance of achieving advantageous social positions (e.g., employment), regardless of their background circumstances (e.g., socioeconomic status). Satisfying FEO requires alterations to social structures such as school assignments. Our paper describes RAWLSNET, a method which takes as input a BN representation of an FEO application and alters the BN's parameters so as to satisfy FEO when possible, and minimize deviation from FEO otherwise. We also offer guidance for applying RAWLSNET, including on recognizing proper applications of FEO. We demonstrate the use of our system with publicly available data sets. RAWLSNET's altered BNs offer the novel capability of generating aspirational data for FEO-relevant tasks. Aspirational data are free from the biases of real-world data, and thus are useful for recognizing and detecting sources of unfairness in machine learning algorithms besides biased data.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,168

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

From Rawlsian autonomy to sufficient opportunity in education.Liam Shields - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (1):1470594-13505413.
From Rawlsian autonomy to sufficient opportunity in education.Liam Shields - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (1):53-66.
Luck, Opportunity and Disability.Cynthia A. Stark - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (3):383-402.
Comment on Gavin Kerr.Ivo Wallimann-Helmer - 2013 - Analyse & Kritik 35 (1):93-97.
The limits of fair equality of opportunity.Benjamin Sachs - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (2):323-343.
Fair Equality of Opportunity in Global Justice.Mark Navin - 2008 - Social Philosophy Today 24:39-52.
In Defense of Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity.Lars Lindblom - 2018 - Philosophical Papers 47 (2):235-263.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-05-18

Downloads
40 (#293,648)

6 months
1 (#448,551)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Will Fleisher
Georgetown University
Tina Eliassi-Rad
Northeastern University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references