Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):1 - 25 (2000)
The general popularity of natural history in the eighteenth century is mirrored in the frequency and importance of the more than 4,500 articles on natural history in the "Encyclopédie". The main contributors to natural history were Daubenton, Diderot, Jaucourt and d'Holbach, but some of the key animating principles derive from Buffon, who wrote nothing specifically for the "Encyclopédie". Still, a number of articles reflect his thinking, especially his antipathy toward Linnaeus. There was in principle a natural tie between encyclopedism, with its emphasis on connected knowledge, and the task of natural historians who concentrated on the relationships among living forms. Both the encyclopedists and natural historians aimed at a sweeping overview of knowledge, and we see that Diderot's discussions of the encyclopedia were apparently informed by his reading of natural history. Most of the articles on natural history drew from traditional sources, but there are differences in emphasis and choice of subject, depending upon the author. Diderot's 300 contributions are often practical, interesting, and depend upon accounts from other parts of the world. Jaucourt, who wrote more articles on natural history than anyone else, followed in his footsteps. Daubenton's 900 articles reflected a more narrow, professional approach. His contributions concluded for the most part with Volume 8, and Jaucourt carried on almost single-handedly after that. While staking out traditional ground (description, taxonomy) and advancing newer theoretical views linked with Buffon, natural history in the "Encyclopédie" avoided almost completely the sentimentalism concerning nature that developed after Rousseau.
|Keywords||natural history Buffon Encyclopédie Diderot Jaucourt Daubenton|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Behavioural Ecology's Ethological Roots.Jean-Sébastien Bolduc - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (3):674-683.
Behavioural Ecology’s Ethological Roots.Jean-Sébastien Bolduc - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (3):674-683.
Similar books and articles
Cultures and Institutions of Natural History: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science.Michael T. Ghiselin & Alan E. Leviton (eds.) - 2000 - California Academy of Sciences.
Natural Law, Religion, and Rights: An Exploration of the Relationship Between Natural Law and Natural Rights, with Special Emphasis on the Teachings of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.Henrik Syse - 2007 - St. Augustine's Press.
Natural Law, Laws of Nature, Natural Rights: Continuity and Discontinuity in the History of Ideas.Francis Oakley - 2005 - Continuum.
Narrative, Nature, and the Natural Law: From Aquinas to International Human Rights.C. Fred Alford - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
Another Daubenton, Another Histoire naturelle.Jeff Loveland - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (3):457 - 491.
How to Make Oneself Nature's Spokesman? A Latourian Account of Classification in Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Natural History.Dirk Stemerding - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):193-223.
Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume.Stephen Buckle - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
Richard Cumberland and Natural Law: Secularisation of Thought in Seventeenth-Century England.Linda Kirk - 1987 - J. Clarke & Co..
The Specimen Dealer: Entrepreneurial Natural History in America's Gilded Age. [REVIEW]Mark V. Barrow - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):493 - 534.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads14 ( #327,222 of 2,154,175 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #279,120 of 2,154,175 )
How can I increase my downloads?