Confirmation of ecological and evolutionary models

Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):277-293 (1987)

Elisabeth Lloyd
Indiana University, Bloomington
In this paper I distinguish various ways in which empirical claims about evolutionary and ecological models can be supported by data. I describe three basic factors bearing on confirmation of empirical claims: fit of the model to data; independent testing of various aspects of the model, and variety of evident. A brief description of the kinds of confirmation is followed by examples of each kind, drawn from a range of evolutionary and ecological theories. I conclude that the greater complexity and precision of my approach, as compared to, for instance, a Popperian approach, can facilitate detailed analysis and comparison of empirical claims.
Keywords Confirmation  testing  evolution  models
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DOI 10.1007/BF00128834
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References found in this work BETA

On the Origin of Species.Charles Darwin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Animal Species and Evolution.Ernst Mayr - 1963 - Belknap of Harvard University Press.
The Theory of Island Biogeography.Robert H. Macarthur & Edward O. Wilson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (1):178-179.
The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change.R. C. Lewontin - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (2):302-304.
Introduction to Logic.PATRICK SUPPES - 1957 - Dover Publications.

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Citations of this work BETA

Calibration of Laboratory Models in Population Genetics.Robert Skipper - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (4):369-393.

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